US reimposes sanctions on Iran, world disagrees | Inside Story
USA initiated renewal of international sanctions against Iran
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused the European allies of the United States of &# 171; sided with the Ayatollah&# 187;
The United States on Thursday officially began the process of activating the sanctions (rollback) mechanism against Iran. This move could exacerbate discord with European allies and threaten the existence of a “nuclear deal” with Tehran.
Speaking to reporters in New York on Thursday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused the US European allies of “supporting the Ayatollah” after the head of the State Department initiated the procedure for the restoration of UN sanctions against Tehran.
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US blocked emergency UN Security Council meeting on Iran requested by Russia
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Britain, France and Germany have said the US has no legal right to initiate a so-called “rollback” of sanctions because they withdrew from the Iranian nuclear deal in 2018.
“No country other than the United States has mustered the courage and conviction to support the [American] resolution. Instead, they supported the Ayatollah, “Pompeo told reporters..
Pompeo sent a letter to the head of the UN Security Council today notifying Iran of Iran’s “significant” non-compliance with the terms of the landmark 2015 agreement..
In a letter that was personally delivered to the Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the UN – currently it is he who occupies the chair of the UN Security Council – initiated the procedure for the restoration of previously lifted sanctions against Iran..
The move increases the rift between the U.S. and other permanent members of the Security Council over Iran, which began when President Donald Trump abandoned the nuclear deal with Tehran in 2018..
This procedure, never used before, comes after the United States was defeated in the Security Council last week after failing to secure support for its resolution to extend the conventional arms embargo to Iran..
The return procedure is aimed at restoring all international sanctions against Iran, which were lifted as part of the 2015 nuclear agreement with Tehran in exchange for its agreement not to develop nuclear weapons. It threatens to derail the nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which Britain, France and Germany – along with Russia and China – are trying to save..
The Security Council resolution to ratify the agreement, negotiated by former President Barack Obama, states that participating States can unilaterally re-impose sanctions if Iran does not “substantially” comply with the terms of the agreement..
It is assumed that the return procedure will lead to the restoration of sanctions in 30 days, and other members of the UN Security Council, in particular Russia and China, will not be able to exercise their veto.
European countries on the Security Council say the US waived its right to participate in the deal when Trump backed out of the deal in May 2018 and re-imposed US sanctions as part of his “maximum pressure” campaign on the Iranian regime..
Experts say the return of sanctions threatens to plunge the Security Council into crisis and question the legitimacy of its resolutions. They envision a situation in which the United States will act as if sanctions were renewed and the rest of the Council will continue to act as before..
Mike Pompeo also personally discussed the renewal of sanctions against Iran with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
Russian service &# 171; Voices of America&# 187;
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