🇷🇺 What has Russia gained from annexing Crimea? | Inside Story
The case in the well: Russia is trying to cope with the lack of water in the Crimea
Unsystematic drilling of artesian wells, according to experts, will lead to salinization of the soil and underground horizons
KIEV – Having informed that artesian wells with water were opened in the Crimea in Pervomaisky and Chernomorsky regions, the Russian authorities presented this as an important victory in the fight against the water blockade of Ukraine. However, as the site newsru.com notes on November 7, the reality looks much more prosaic: “on the video from the site of the opening of a well in the village of Pravda in the Pervomaisky district of Crimea, it is clear that water is flowing out of a dirty rusty pipe directly onto the ground. It accumulates in a huge puddle, from where the locals drink it and scoop it up in buckets. “.
Contrary to the statements of the Russian leadership of Crimea, drinking water on the peninsula is getting worse, writes the Crimea.Realii website, which contains comments of Crimeans in social networks about the problems and scale of drying up reservoirs, water supply and empty reservoirs.
“While the Crimean Internet community is ringing the alarm, the Russian authorities in Crimea are tirelessly declaring that there is allegedly no problem with water,” Crimea underlines in the comments..
According to the media, Crimea has been in a water blockade since 2014. The North Crimean Canal, which before the annexation connected the main channel of the Dnieper with the peninsula, providing 85% of Crimea’s fresh water needs, was completely blocked. In many cities of the Crimea, an hourly water supply was introduced, and in some villages it did not exist at all. It is planned to fully provide the peninsula with water only by 2025. This is provided for by the next Russian mega-construction, which will be the second in terms of costs after the Crimean Bridge..
The publication quotes the words of the State Duma deputy from Crimea Ruslan Balbek that the issue of water shortages has been closed in some areas since November 7: “Let our“ opponents ”scream about the alleged insufficiency of these measures – Crimea will be supplied with water – and this is an example for everyone!” , – concluded Balbeck.
Meanwhile, the site Krym.Realii cites dozens of comments from local residents of the peninsula, in which they are skeptical about the struggle of the Russian authorities to provide the peninsula with fresh water..
“Kerch. Water-water … how can we get drunk? ” – Tweeted by user RoksolanaToday&Crimea25% and posts some photos with rusty tap water.
The Twitter account @crimeapanda made an entry “in Dzhankoy during the time everything became so rich that borscht comes from the tap” with a photo of brown water in the kitchen.
“I can tell you about the west of Crimea. There actually was no canal, but the wells were 50-60 meters long, now there is lime water at 90 meters, which is not even suitable for irrigation, ”notes @ dobryiden78.
In the collected comments there are many complaints about the quality of water and its interruptions in its supply..
The consequences of drilling artesian wells
Chairman of the Board of the Ecological Group “Pechenegi” Sergey Shaparenko notes that uncontrolled extraction of artesian water can lead to salinization of aquatic underground horizons.
“Water can flow anywhere. Underground water horizons in Crimea are in no way isolated from the sea, from salt water. If you pump out a lot of fresh water from the ground, a larger volume will be pumped out than comes with the rains, and there is no other supply of the water horizon in Crimea, then instead of fresh water, salt water will flow to the horizon, “Sergei Shaparenko tells the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice America “.
Sergei Shaparenko claims that international conventions do not regulate the extraction of artesian water, so the possible responsibility for the salinity of underground horizons and soils in Crimea will fall on Russia..
“In addition to what Ukraine is already doing on the de-occupation of Crimea, it is impossible to do anything more with regard to the water resources of the peninsula,” emphasizes Serhiy Shaparenko.
At the same time, the ecologist believes that in the international arena Kiev should be more active on the “Crimean issue”.
On the “jubilation of the people”
Reports of new artesian wells in Crimea, according to an expert at the Center for Political Science Research Oleg Sahakyan, these are tools for relieving social tension and propaganda messages for the world community.
“This is an attempt to prove that Crimea is Russian, but the important point is that it has to be constantly proved against the background of internal doubts on the peninsula, the desire to show that Russia, contrary to the position of the West and international rules, is ready to cope with pressure from outside,” says Oleg Sahakyan for the Voice of America Russian Service.
The opening of the wells, the presence and “jubilation of the inhabitants of the peninsula,” he said, are in a propaganda style, which refutes earlier statements that Crimea allegedly does not need additional volumes of fresh water.
“For five years Russia has produced a fake reality that it does not need water in Crimea, but it turned out to be the opposite, the Kremlin’s theses turned out to be untrue,” Oleg Sahakyan emphasizes..
Russia is responsible for the supply of water.
Coordinator of the public organization “CrimeaSOS” Tamila Tasheva reminds that water has not been supplied to Crimea via the North Crimean Canal since mid-2014.
“This is the official position of Ukraine, and this position of Ukraine has been criticized by many of Ukraine’s international partners. But we insist that Russia, after the occupation of Crimea, has control over this territory and bears full responsibility for what happens there, including with regard to water supply, social life, medical care, ”says Tamila Tasheva for the Voice of America Russian Service.
According to her, there is enough water on the territory of the peninsula for the use of citizens, and there is a shortage of water resources to provide military, agricultural, industrial infrastructure..
“The biggest problem is in the north of Crimea, and the occupation authorities do not hide the fact that they do not have enough water. They provoked the Ukrainian authorities, telling untrue information that negotiations on the resumption of water supply are allegedly going on – this is not true, “Tamila Tasheva notes..
Deep, artesian waters, which began to be used on the peninsula, Tamila Tasheva believes, will lead to an ecological disaster.