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Russian sanctions against Ukraine hit Moldova
According to Moldovan President Igor Dodon, Russian sanctions create barriers to the export of Moldovan products
The imposition of sanctions by Russia on the import of goods from Ukraine led to difficulties with the export of goods from Moldova. The President of Moldova Igor Dodon writes about this in his official address to the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev..
“Sent an official letter to @MedvedevRussia [Dmitry Medvedev] in connection with a government decree that created certain difficulties for Moldovan exports. I would like to note that I took personal control over the settlement of the problem, and its solution will be found in the coming days, ”the leader of Moldova said on Twitter on January 9.
In the text of the letter, the President of Moldova notes that “since Moldovan goods exported to the Russian Federation are transported through the territory of Ukraine, the introduced ban creates barriers to the export of Moldovan products to the Russian market due to the lengthening of the delivery route of goods and an increase in transport costs”.
“I ask you to consider as soon as possible the issue of getting out of the current situation concerning the transportation of Moldovan products to the Russian Federation through the territory of Ukraine,” wrote Igor Dodon.
Recall that in response to the anti-Russian sanctions policy pursued by the official Kiev, the Russian government retaliated..
“Since the introduction of measures to ban the import of certain types of agricultural products from Russia, the Ukrainian sanctions list has been expanded to 18 types of products, including agro-industrial products, chemical products, slate, and cement clinker. The signed decree introduces a ban on the import of goods into Russia, the country of origin of which is Ukraine or transported through the territory of Ukraine, according to the approved list, “- says the decree of the Russian government, dated December 29, 2018.
In the list of goods prohibited by Russia from Ukraine, or following in transit through Ukrainian territory, among others are called vegetables, fruits, nuts, juices, grape wines – traditional exports from Moldova.
On the website of the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, you can find data that, at the end of 2017, the largest share of exports from the country fell on “products of plant origin” (fruits, nuts and others) – 24 percent, on “prepared food products, alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks […] “- 19.25 percent of the total volume over the past year.
The largest buyers of products in the first three quarters of 2018 were Romania, Italy, Germany and Russia, according to the website of the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova.
Political scientist Taras Chornovil believes that Russian sanctions were introduced chaotically with a political aim against Ukraine, and they hit Moldova with a “ricochet”.
“The first thought, of course, appears that there was a factor of political pressure. Russia relies on Igor Dodon, he is constantly being removed from his duties as president, then demonstratively shown to him that the pro-Russian policy will not be supported, and the decisions of the government and parliament are in the opposite direction.
And therefore, on the eve of the parliamentary elections in Moldova on February 24, 2019, the sanctions procedures could strike a blow at the government, which is responsible for the socio-economic situation in the country, ”says Taras Chornovil to the correspondent of the Russian service “Voice of America”.
At the same time, the political scientist notes that over the past ten years, since 2007, Russia has periodically resorted to a unilateral sanctions policy towards Moldova and Ukraine..
“When it was necessary to complicate the transit of Ukrainian products to the countries of Central Asia, including and further to China, Russia resorted to restrictions. In fact, it is not the first year, and since 2007, Russia has adhered to such a policy, and Ukrainian manufacturers have experienced problems with the transit of products to the east..
In this case, I have a suspicion that Moldova was hooked by chance because Russia knows how to impose sanctions against Chisinau, for example, when it previously directly prohibited the supply of Moldovan wine and agricultural products, ”Taras Chornovil emphasizes..
The political scientist believes that Russia, if necessary, can make changes to the sanctions policy, which affects the trade relations of its representatives with Moldova or other countries..
“When a package of sanctions against Ukraine was introduced, the Russian government issued a special document, according to which norms were introduced to remove the negative consequences of sanctions for Russian companies and counterparties,” Taras Chornovil notes..
Consequences of sanctions for third countries
Political scientist Andrei Okara argues that in a trilateral format – Ukraine, Moldova and Russia, the parties could find a solution that would remove the negative impact of sanctions on Moldovan producers.
“There is an option for the transit necessary for Moldova to take place in sealed wagons. This is possible and it is practiced in foreign economic activity, but this requires a special transit agreement with Ukraine, as well as a political and economic solution with Moscow. Kiev, Moscow and Chisinau can accept such a solidarity position, because they understand that Moldova is suffering because of the Russian-Ukrainian war. She, in turn, is trying to maintain friendly relations with both countries. Figuratively speaking, when two giants enter the battle, a third party suffers: the forest is chopped up, chips fly, ”says Andrey Okara to the correspondent of the Russian service “Voice of America”.
At the same time, Andriy Okara notes the impact of sanctions on the economies of two countries – Ukraine and Russia, and says that while their action carries political meanings.
“Politically, the leaders of both countries won, and economically, both lost. For Ukraine and for Russia, sanctions are quite painful, primarily due to the interdependence of economies, due to the fact that the products of Ukraine and Russia are poorly competitive in the markets of developed countries. It requires exploring new markets. In recent years, Ukrainian enterprises have quite effectively entered the markets of African and Southeast Asian countries, but the Russian market has always been very close geographically, convenient and understandable for Ukraine, “says Andriy Okara.
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