Poroshenko criminal case: Former Ukraine president avoids pre-trial detention
Poroshenko: Ukraine collects evidence of Russian crimes in the occupied territories
The world celebrates Human Rights Day and the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
KIEV – Russia bears full responsibility for violations of human rights in the occupied territories and evidence of its crimes will “further supplement the evidence base in The Hague”.
This was stated by the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in an address to the people on the occasion of the Seventieth anniversary of the adoption by the General Assembly of the United Nations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
“To my great regret, I have to stress once again on such a significant day that due to the gross aggression of the Russian Federation, the rights of our fellow citizens in the Donbass and Crimea have actually been reduced to naught. It is Russia that is now neglecting the main value of humanity – the human right to life. This is evidenced by terrible proven facts and sad statistics. Since the beginning of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, according to the UN, more than 10,000 people have been killed, more than 23,000 were injured, “the leader of Ukraine noted on December 10.
Petro Poroshenko said that for Ukrainians, “as for all citizens of the countries of the free world,” the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a fundamental document: its main tenets are laid down in the Basic Law – the Constitution of Ukraine.
The President of Ukraine stressed that it is Russia that bears full responsibility for the violation of human rights in the occupied territories.
According to him, the relevant state authorities, an active civil society will continue to collect evidence of the crimes of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and fellow citizens, which will further supplement the evidence base in The Hague..
As reported by the press service of the President of Ukraine on December 10, Petro Poroshenko signed the law of Ukraine “On the termination of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation”.
“The non-renewal of the treaty with Russia should be viewed not as an episode, but as part of our strategy for a final break with the colonial past and reorientation towards Europe,” the Ukrainian president emphasized..
Other components of this strategy, he called “visa-free”, the Association Agreement with the EU, the Tomos on the creation of an autocephalous independent Ukrainian church, withdrawal from the CIS, the course of joining NATO and the European Union enshrined in the Constitution, the creation of a powerful, patriotic and professional Ukrainian army, support for the Ukrainian language , own history and strengthening our national identity “.
Petro Poroshenko noted that this agreement had not been terminated earlier in order to use its provisions as a basis for numerous claims in international courts and other international instances against Russia – as a violator of this treaty and the norms of international law.
The President noted that Ukraine used all the possibilities of this document in its national interests..
António Guterres – we must stand up for human rights
The UN website notes that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a fundamental document of historical importance.
The Declaration was adopted by resolution 217 A (III) of the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on December 10, 1948 as a document, the principles of which all peoples and countries are obliged to follow..
In it, for the first time in the history of mankind, the basic human rights that need to be protected at the international level were defined..
UN Secretary-General António Guterres in a statement on Human Rights Day, celebrated on December 10, notes that “we must stand up for human rights for everyone, everywhere”.
“Human rights are universal and enduring. Moreover, they are indivisible. A selective approach to the observance of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights is inapplicable, “the UN Secretary General said in his video message posted on the website of the Organization..
He stressed that “today we also pay tribute to human rights defenders who risk their lives to protect people in the face of growing hatred, racism, intolerance and repression”.
“Crimean issue” and human rights
Head of the Crimean Human Rights Group Olga Skrypnyk notes that Ukrainian human rights and state organizations are in the process of appealing to international courts on the “Crimean issue”.
“Our organization, together with the Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other human rights structures, submitted this year an appeal to the International Criminal Court in The Hague about the illegal military conscription of Ukrainian citizens in Crimea into the Russian army. The court qualified these actions of Russia as a war crime, recently there was a preliminary report from the prosecutor, “Olga Skripnik says to the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
She believes that after the consideration of Ukrainian requests in the International Criminal Court, it will be possible to investigate the case as a whole, and send all documents to the tribunal of this court..
“But this requires the professional and qualified work of not only human rights defenders, but also law enforcement agencies to form a package for the tribunal, which will consider the actions of top Russian officials involved in war crimes, both in Crimea and in the Donbass or Maidan,” says Olga Skripnik.
She also believes that for the successful legal protection of Ukrainian interests in international courts, it is necessary to comply with the laws within the country in relation to all citizens, including those living in the annexed and occupied territories..
“On the part of Ukraine, it is important to prevent human rights violations against Crimeans and residents of the occupied territories. And here, in Ukraine, not everything has been done in this matter. Until now, there are discriminatory norms against residents of Crimea, such as the law on the Free Economic Zone “Crimea”, which gave the status of non-residents for residents of Crimea and limited our rights in the banking sector and economic rights. Of course, aggression and occupation are the fault of Russia, but Ukraine must also comply with the priorities in the field of human rights protection, “Olga Skrypnyk emphasizes..
According to her, calls can be heard in the current parliament, for example, to limit the rights of residents of the occupied territories by laws on combating collaborationists or separatism..
“We believe that additional restrictions are unacceptable,” she notes..
Human rights in the context of the territorial integrity of Ukraine
Political analyst Pyotr Okhotin believes that the task of the Ukrainian authorities at the current stage is to document the facts of human rights violations on the peninsula, to support independent monitoring groups to investigate Russia’s crimes..
“The task of Ukraine is to do everything possible to punish the injustice that Russia committed by annexing Crimea. Moscow’s actions have questioned the architecture of international security in the regions, and accordingly, the president’s remark that the Kremlin should be held accountable is logical, “says Pyotr Okhotin to the Voice of America correspondent..
The analyst believes that the session halls of the UN Security Council, the European Parliament, various European institutions should be the negotiating platform on the “Crimean issue”.
“It is also worthwhile to constantly“ deeply disturb ”the signatories of the Budapest Memorandum about Crimea and its status,” notes Petr Okhotin.
At the same time, in the actions of the French protesters in the center of Paris, according to him, it makes no sense to see the “hand of the Kremlin”.
“A large number of social disputes have accumulated in Europe. In fact, the new structure of the economy does not allow Paris to maintain the welfare state at the proper level. Russia and other countries may try to take advantage of the situation, make provocations, but it is not worth considering them as the engine of the “yellow vests”, ”says Pyotr Okhotin.
Political scientist Ruslan Bortnik writes on his Facebook page that the current events in France are still more similar to the Maidan of 2004 in Ukraine, and not to the Euromaidan of 2014..
“This is, first of all, a political carnival with an emphasis on non-violent actions and information confrontation. Therefore, the internal results will be similar – cosmetic changes in the political system and the loss of prospects for the re-election of the president (Macron) for the next term, ”notes Ruslan Bortnik.
He believes that the protests in France can change not only the European Union, but also the Western world as a whole, just like the “rose revolution” in Georgia and the “orange revolution” in Ukraine radically changed the foreign policy of the Russian Federation and, accordingly, the situation in eastern Europe.
SBU on protests in France
Let us remind you that the Security Service of Ukraine accused Russia of organizing protests in France, according to the TV channel “Present Time”. As evidence, the SBU cites a photograph in which, allegedly, in Paris, two men in yellow vests are holding the flag of the so-called “DPR”. SBU claims that Russian special services are preparing provocations in other European countries.